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Information to the current state of research.
A comprehensive evaluation of the clinical data of four scientific studies with the VOLCANO MEDIC as well as further existent scientific knowledge about the inhalative application and effectiveness of cannabinoids is offered by:
Post Market Clinical Follow Up
Dr. F. Grotenhermen, Germany
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Evaluation of Clinical Data
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INDEPENDENT SCIENTIFIC STUDIES
The studies presented here were produced independently of STORZ & BICKEL.
Pharmacodynamic effects of vaporized and oral cannabidiol (CBD) andvaporized CBD-dominant cannabis in infrequent cannabis users
T. R. Spindle et al., United States
An experimental randomized study on the analgesic effects of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia
T. van de Donk et al., Netherlands
Acute Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis in Healthy Adults Who Infrequently Use Cannabis
Cannabis use and driving-related performance in young recreational users: a within-subject randomized clinical trial
T. Ogourtsova et al., Canada
Second-Hand Exposure of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products to Patients in a Hospital Setting
N. Solowij et al., Australia
Low Dose Vaporized Cannabis Significantly Improves Neuropathic Pain
B. Wilsey et al., United States
CB 1 Binding Activity and Quantitative Analysis of Cannabis
J.T. Fischedick, F. van der Koy and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands
Cannabis Smoke Condensate III
B. Pomahacova, F. Van der Kooy, and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands
Cannabis Smoke Condensate II
F. Van der Kooy, B. Pomahacova, and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands
Effect of Intrapulmonary THC Administration in Humans
L. Zuurman et al., Netherlands
Vaporization as a Smokeless Cannabis Delivery System
Prof. D. Abrams et al., United States
Evaluation of a Vaporizing Device (VOLCANO)
A. Hazekamp et al., Netherlands
Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC
D. Gieringer et al., United States
NON-INDEPENDENT SCIENTIFIC STUDIES
The scientific studies presented here – commissioned by STORZ & BICKEL – served as proof for additional requirements associated with certifying the cannabis inhalers, and other purposes.
Gehaltbestimmung von delta-9-THC und delta-9-THC-Säure in Cannabisdampf
T. Klemm, Germany
The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Optimal Temperature for Single-Dose Administration
A. Hazekamp, Netherlands
The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Effect of Repeated Use of a Single Filling
The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Effect of Reported Hygienic Reprocessing of the Mouthpiece
VOLCANO DIGIT: Investigation of Aluminium Content in the Air Stream
H. Tretter and U. Prott, Germany
The VOLCANO Herbal Vaporizer: Variability of Repeated Balloon Filling