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Information to the current state of research.


A comprehensive evaluation of the clinical data of four scientific studies with the VOLCANO MEDIC as well as further existent scientific knowledge about the inhalative application and effectiveness of cannabinoids is offered by:

Post Market Clinical Follow Up

Dr. F. Grotenhermen, Germany

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March, 2008

Evaluation of Clinical Data

Dr. F. Grotenhermen, Germany

Always have the newest information


The studies presented here were produced independently of STORZ & BICKEL.

April, 2020

Pharmacodynamic effects of vaporized and oral cannabidiol (CBD) and
vaporized CBD-dominant cannabis in infrequent cannabis users

T. R. Spindle et al., United States

December, 2018

An experimental randomized study on the analgesic effects of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia

T. van de Donk et al., Netherlands

November, 2018

Acute Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis in Healthy Adults Who Infrequently Use Cannabis

T. R. Spindle et al., United States

September, 2018

Cannabis use and driving-related performance in young recreational users: a within-subject randomized clinical trial

T. Ogourtsova et al., Canada

January, 2018

Second-Hand Exposure of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products to Patients in a Hospital Setting

N. Solowij et al., Australia

October, 2012

Low Dose Vaporized Cannabis Significantly Improves Neuropathic Pain

B. Wilsey et al., United States

November, 2009

CB 1 Binding Activity and Quantitative Analysis of Cannabis

J.T. Fischedick, F. van der Koy and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands

May, 2008

Cannabis Smoke Condensate III

B. Pomahacova, F. Van der Kooy, and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands

May, 2008

Cannabis Smoke Condensate II

F. Van der Kooy, B. Pomahacova, and R. Verpoorte, Netherlands

May, 2008

Effect of Intrapulmonary THC Administration in Humans

L. Zuurman et al., Netherlands

May, 2007

Vaporization as a Smokeless Cannabis Delivery System

Prof. D. Abrams et al., United States

October, 2005

Evaluation of a Vaporizing Device (VOLCANO)

A. Hazekamp et al., Netherlands

October, 2004

Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC

D. Gieringer et al., United States

Evidence-based research


The scientific studies presented here – commissioned by STORZ & BICKEL – served as proof for additional requirements associated with certifying the cannabis inhalers, and other purposes.

February, 2018

Gehaltbestimmung von delta-9-THC und delta-9-THC-Säure in Cannabisdampf

T. Klemm, Germany

March, 2010

The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Optimal Temperature for Single-Dose Administration

A. Hazekamp, Netherlands

November, 2009

The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Effect of Repeated Use of a Single Filling

A. Hazekamp, Netherlands

November, 2009

The VOLCANO MEDIC Cannabis Vaporizer: Effect of Reported Hygienic Reprocessing of the Mouthpiece

A. Hazekamp, Netherlands

November, 2009

VOLCANO DIGIT: Investigation of Aluminium Content in the Air Stream

H. Tretter and U. Prott, Germany

March, 2009

The VOLCANO Herbal Vaporizer: Variability of Repeated Balloon Filling

A. Hazekamp, Netherlands

The following pages and information
are directed only towards adults!

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